became one of the first Royal Counties of the Hungarian State. The conquerors, by entering
through Verecke, first settled in and around the region along the Bodrog and Tisza rivers
and in the Bodrogköz and Hegyalja area. Archeological findings dating from the conquering
era have documented early history. Zemplén received its name from the former defensive
hills in the area. Today we include the smaller regions around them like Hegyalja, the Bodrogköz and Hegyköz.
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The communities of historical significance are Sárospatak,
Sátoraljaújhely, Szerencs and Tokaj.
Sárospatak continues to be a renowned educational center, Sátoraljaújhely is the former
county capital, Tokaj is the town of viticulture and Szerencs is the gateway of Zemplén
Throughout history, this region took the lion share of defending the country, in the
Rákóczi War of Independence, in the 1848 revolution and in other freedom-fights.
Memorials of famous predecessors can be seen in most areas of the region like those of the
Rákóczi, Dobó, and Lorántffy-families and the relics of Kazinczy Ferenc and Kossuth
Lajos. The Reformation as well as Hungarian literature and language reforms originated
from this region.
The natural beauty and breathtaking sights of the area are unequaled. Its shapely
mountains, clean air and clear waters are rarely seen elsewhere. The wine of
Tokaj-Hegyalja is a famous trademark world-wide.
Scenic route 37 branches off highway M3 (formerly E96) and runs from Miskolc through
Szerencs to Sárospatak and Sátoraljaújhely. At Bodrogkeresztúr, route 38 joins the
main route to Tokaj. A winding country road branches off toward the Hegyköz from
Sátoraljaújhely with destinations to Széphalom, Pálháza, and Hollóháza. Another
main road from Sárospatak or Sátoraljaújhely can be taken to reach the Bodrogköz.
From Debrecen Highway, M4 goes to Nyíregyháza where route 38 branches off toward
Nyírtelek, Rakamaz, and Tokaj where it joins route 37 that leads to Sárospatak and
The distance from Sárospatak to Budapest is 251 K, to Miskolc is 69 K and to Debrecen
is 113 K. A train runs from Budapest to Miskolc, Szerencs (Tokaj), Sárospatak, and
There are border crossings and customs for entry into the Slovakian Republic in the
town of Sátoraljaújhely, on the railway, and also at the town of Pácin. Quality and
comfortable accommodations and restaurants can be found in each of the four main towns.